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The Trust Tax Rate Has Increased to 39% From 1st April 2024

The Trust Tax Rate Has Increased to 39% From 1st April 2024

From the 1st April 2024, the trust tax rate has increased from a flat rate of 33%, to a flat rate of 39%. This is on any income retained in the trust and not distributed to beneficiaries.

However, there are a few exemptions:

Exemption 1: if your trust income is less than $10,000

If your trust earns $10,000 or less in a tax year, and this income is retained in the trust and not distributed to beneficiaries, you will only pay tax at 33%. However, if your trust earns any more than $10,000, you need to pay at a rate of 39%.

Exemption 2: the estate of someone who has died

If an estate continues to earn income while it’s being wound up, that income will continue to be taxed at 33%. This rate will apply for all estate’s income during the tax year the person dies and for the next 3 years. After 3 years, any income will be taxed as though it is a trust at 39%.

Exemption 3: disabled beneficiary trusts

If you settled your trust to care for disabled beneficiaries, then it will continue to pay tax at the 33% tax rate, no matter how much it earns. 

The IRD characterises a 'Disabled beneficiary' as an individual who, within a given tax year, is the recipient of one or more of the following governmental support payments: the Disability Allowance, the Child Disability Allowance, the Supported Living Payment (because of restricted work capacity), or the JobSeeker Support Health and Disability (if this has been paid for at least 6 months).

Disabled beneficiaries also include anybody over the age of 65 who would have met the ‘disabled beneficiary’ definition in the year they turned 65, or the tax year before that year.

Your trust can qualify for this 33% tax rate if it cares for more than 1 disabled beneficiary, but not if it has any beneficiaries who do not meet the definition.

Exemption 4: Energy Consumer Trusts or Lines Trusts 

These are a special type of trust that deals with electricity distribution. These are taxed at 33%.

Exemption 5:  Legacy Superannuation Funds

Some superannuation funds pay tax at 28%.

If you’d like to read more on this topic, you can read IRD’s fact sheet, or contact us at for more information.

Alaina, Beany's lead accountant

Alaina Smith

Lead Accountant

Lives in the sunniest part of the country, running around after kids and the dog.

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